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Ever wondered what a battery is? How does it help in making our appliances work? What are the various types of batteries available? You may even have a whole lot of other questions going all over your minds and solutions to none. Well, the answers to all your queries lie in this detailed guide. Go through this detailed page carefully and understand “The Battery” and its working as a whole.
1. What is a battery?
A battery is a storage device for electrochemical energy which is being used for lighting and electrical applications.
2. What are the different type of batteries?
There are basically two types of batteries, “The Flat plate battery” and “The Tubular battery”. In general, the negative plate is almost identical for both models. The main difference between them is the design. Inside the batteries, materials are the same for both designs but there are several differences in terms of performance.
3. What is the difference between Flat Plate & Tubular Plate Battery?
There is a difference between the flat plate battery and the tubular plate battery which has been explained in detail below:
4. What is Ah and how is it related to the capacity of the battery?
A battery is the backbone of a UPS system. The performance and life of a UPS largely depends upon the battery quality. The next big question is “How much backup will a UPS provide?” or “ For how many hours can it run all of your equipment?”. This is what is called the battery capacity. It is the battery capacity that decides the back up hours. It is expressed in Ah (Ampere Hours).
1. How to know which Ah battery is suitable for my need?
In the market, batteries with a capacity of 100 Ah, 150 Ah, 180 Ah etc. are readily available. So how do you decide which one do you need? Well, to find this out let us do a reverse calculation.
Consider that you need a battery that provides backup for 3 hours.
Battery capacity = Power requirement (in watts) * Back up hours ( in hrs) / Battery Voltage (in volts)
Battery Capacity = (400 * 3) / 12 = 100 Ah
** Value of Battery voltage is taken 12V
Therefore, a battery with a capacity of 100 Ah will work for you.
2. Why are tubular batteries most suitable in a UPS application?
A tubular battery uses technology that seals the active material in polyester tubes called gauntlets, instead of pasting it on the surface of the plate. As a result, there’s no shedding or corrosion, ensuring long battery life. Owing to their toughness and durability, tubular batteries can operate at extreme temperatures and are used in high cyclic applications involving frequent and prolonged power outages.
3. What are the features that should be considered while buying a battery?
There are three primary points that need to be taken into consideration while buying a battery.
1. How does one maintain a battery?
The battery should be cleaned using baking soda and water solution (a couple of tablespoons to a pint of water). Cable connections need to be cleaned and tightened as battery problems are often caused by dirty and loose connections. A serviceable battery needs to have the fluid level checked regularly. Use only mineral free water. Distilled is best as all impurities are removed and there is nothing left that could contaminate your cells. Don't overfill battery cells especially in warmer weather because the natural fluid expansion in hot weather can push excess electrolytes from the battery. To prevent corrosion of cables on top post batteries, use a small bead of silicone sealer at the base of the post and place a felt battery washer over it. Coat the washer with high temperature grease or petroleum jelly (Vaseline), then place cable on the post and tighten. Coat the exposed cable end with the grease. Most folks don't know that just the gases from the battery condensing on metal parts cause most corrosion.
2. How does one handle and recycle the battery?
Handling and recycling the battery requires following a few thorough steps. Given below is a brief description of handling and recycling of a substation battery but it is always preferable to also follow the instructions given into the maintenance manual supplied by the manufacturer to ensure proper care and longer lifespan on the battery.
With the much required information about batteries, we are sure that now you are well versed with all its aspects.Picking the perfect one and then maintaining the longevity of the battery is going to be easier for you. Take your pick!
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